In vitro combinatory effects of the Alternaria mycotoxins alternariol... Toxicology Letters, 2017

Abstract Alternariol (AOH) and altertoxin II (ATX II) are mycotoxins formed by Alternaria spp. Since they are expected to co-occur in Alternaria-infested food and feed, we addressed the question of combinatory effects. In addition, potentially involved regulatory microRNAs were surveyed in an exploratory approach. Cytotoxicity measurements in constant ratio combinations of 1:10 or 1:1 (ATX II: AOH) mainly revealed additive effects in HepG2, HT29 and HCEC-1CT cells. Yet, in specific high doses antagonism was found. Microar...



Peptides-Coated Oncolytic Vaccines for Cancer Personalized Medicine Frontiers in Immunology, 2022

Abstract Oncolytic Viruses (OVs) work through two main mechanisms of action: the direct lysis of the virus-infected cancer cells and the release of tumor antigens as a result of the viral burst. In this scenario, the OVs act as cancer vaccines, since the immunogenicity of the virus is combined with tumor antigens, that direct the specificity of the anti-tumor adaptive immune response. However, this mechanism in some cases fails in eliciting a strong specific T cell response. One way to overcome this problem and enhance the priming efficiency...



Resident memory CD8+ T cells in regional lymphnodes mediate immunity t...

Abstract The nature of the anti-tumor immune response changes as primary tumors progress and metastasize. We investigated the role of resident memory (Trm) and circulating memory (Tcirm) cells in anti-tumor responses at metastatic locations using a mouse model of melanoma-associated vitiligo. We found that the transcrip- tional characteristics of tumor-specific CD8 +



Opposing USP19 splice variants in TGF-β signaling and TGF-β-induced ep... Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, 2023

Abstract Ubiquitin-specific protease (USP)19 is a deubiquitinating enzyme that regulates the stability and function of multiple proteins, thereby controlling various biological responses. The alternative splicing of USP19 results in the expression of two major encoded variants that are localized to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) (USP19-ER) and cytoplasm (USP19-CY). The importance of alternative splicing for the function of USP19 remains unclear. Here, we demonstrated that USP19-CY promotes TGF-β signaling by directly interacting with...



Acidification of blood plasma facilitates the separation and analysis... ScienceDirect, 2023

Abstract Background Blood plasma is available with minimal invasive sampling, it has significant diagnostic utility, and it is a valuable source of extracellular vesicles (EVs). Nevertheless, rich protein content, the presence of lipoproteins (LPs) that share similar biophysical properties, and relatively low abundance of EVs, especially those of rare subpopulations, make any downstream application a very challenging task. The growing evidence of the intricate surface interactome of EVs, and the association of EVs with LPs, impos...



FOXL1+ Telocytes in mouse colon orchestrate extracellular matrix biody...

Abstract Recent studies have identified FoxL1+-telocytes (TCFoxL1+) as key players in gut epithelial-mesenchymal interactions which can determine the colonic microenvironment. Bone morphogenetic protein signaling disruption in TCFoxL1+ alters the physical and cellular microenvironment and leads to colon pathophysiology. This suggests a role for TCFoxL1+ in stromagenesis, but it is hard to identify the specific contribution of TCFoxL1+ when analyzing whole tissue profiling studies. We performed ex vivo deconstruction of control and BmpR1a△F...



High-throughput, targeted MHC class I immunopeptidomics using a functi... Nature Biotechnology, 2023

Abstract Identification of CD8+ T cell epitopes is critical for the development of immunotherapeutics. Existing methods for major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC class I) ligand discovery are time intensive, specialized and unable to interrogate specific proteins on a large scale. Here, we present EpiScan, which uses surface MHC class I levels as a readout for whether a genetically encoded peptide is an MHC class I ligand. Predetermined starting pools composed of >100,000 peptides can be designed using oligonucleotide synthesis,...



Effects of amiloride on acetylcholine-dependent arterial vasodilation... Physiological Reports, 2022

Abstract The maintenance of endothelial health is required for normal vascular function and blood pressure regulation. The epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC) in endothelial cells has emerged as a new molecular player in the regulation of endothelial nitric oxide production and vascular stiffness. While ENaC expression in the kidney is negatively regulated by high [Na+ ], ENaC expression in isolated endothelial cells has been shown to increase in response to a high extracellular [Na+ ]. In culture, this increased expression leads to cellular stiff...



Targeting HOTAIRM1 ameliorates glioblastoma by disrupting mitochondria... Cell Press, 2022

Abstract Serine hydroxymethyltransferase 2 (SHMT2), which catalyzes the conversion of serine to glycine and one-carbon transfer reactions in mitochondria, is significantly upregulated in glioblastoma (GBM). However, the mechanism by which the stability of SHMT2 gene expression is maintained to drive GBM tumorigenesis has not been clarified. Herein, through microarray screening, we identified that HOXA Transcript Antisense RNA, Myeloid-Specific 1 (HOTAIRM1) modulates the SHMT2 level in various GBM cell lines. Serine catabolism and...



Combined Inhibition of SHP2 and CXCR1/2 Promotes Antitumor T-cell Resp...

Abstract SHP2 inhibitors (SHP2i) alone and in various combinations are being tested in multiple tumors with overactivation of the RAS/ERK pathway. SHP2 plays critical roles in normal cell signaling; hence, SHP2is could influence the tumor microenvironment. We found that SHP2i treatment depleted alveolar and M2-like macrophages, induced tumor-intrinsic CCL5/CXCL10 secretion, and promoted B and T lymphocyte infiltration in Kras- and Egfr-mutant non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, treatment also increased intr...