FOXL1+ Telocytes in mouse colon orchestrate extracellular matrix biody...

Abstract Recent studies have identified FoxL1+-telocytes (TCFoxL1+) as key players in gut epithelial-mesenchymal interactions which can determine the colonic microenvironment. Bone morphogenetic protein signaling disruption in TCFoxL1+ alters the physical and cellular microenvironment and leads to colon pathophysiology. This suggests a role for TCFoxL1+ in stromagenesis, but it is hard to identify the specific contribution of TCFoxL1+ when analyzing whole tissue profiling studies. We performed ex vivo deconstruction of control and BmpR1a△F...



High-throughput, targeted MHC class I immunopeptidomics using a functi... Nature Biotechnology, 2023

Abstract Identification of CD8+ T cell epitopes is critical for the development of immunotherapeutics. Existing methods for major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC class I) ligand discovery are time intensive, specialized and unable to interrogate specific proteins on a large scale. Here, we present EpiScan, which uses surface MHC class I levels as a readout for whether a genetically encoded peptide is an MHC class I ligand. Predetermined starting pools composed of >100,000 peptides can be designed using oligonucleotide synthesis,...



Effects of amiloride on acetylcholine-dependent arterial vasodilation... Physiological Reports, 2022

Abstract The maintenance of endothelial health is required for normal vascular function and blood pressure regulation. The epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC) in endothelial cells has emerged as a new molecular player in the regulation of endothelial nitric oxide production and vascular stiffness. While ENaC expression in the kidney is negatively regulated by high [Na+ ], ENaC expression in isolated endothelial cells has been shown to increase in response to a high extracellular [Na+ ]. In culture, this increased expression leads to cellular stiff...



Targeting HOTAIRM1 ameliorates glioblastoma by disrupting mitochondria... Cell Press, 2022

Abstract Serine hydroxymethyltransferase 2 (SHMT2), which catalyzes the conversion of serine to glycine and one-carbon transfer reactions in mitochondria, is significantly upregulated in glioblastoma (GBM). However, the mechanism by which the stability of SHMT2 gene expression is maintained to drive GBM tumorigenesis has not been clarified. Herein, through microarray screening, we identified that HOXA Transcript Antisense RNA, Myeloid-Specific 1 (HOTAIRM1) modulates the SHMT2 level in various GBM cell lines. Serine catabolism and...



Combined Inhibition of SHP2 and CXCR1/2 Promotes Antitumor T-cell Resp...

Abstract SHP2 inhibitors (SHP2i) alone and in various combinations are being tested in multiple tumors with overactivation of the RAS/ERK pathway. SHP2 plays critical roles in normal cell signaling; hence, SHP2is could influence the tumor microenvironment. We found that SHP2i treatment depleted alveolar and M2-like macrophages, induced tumor-intrinsic CCL5/CXCL10 secretion, and promoted B and T lymphocyte infiltration in Kras- and Egfr-mutant non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, treatment also increased intr...



Chaperonin containing TCP1 as a marker for identification of circulati... PLOS ONE, 2022

Abstract Herein we report the use of Chaperonin-Containing TCP-1 (CCT or TRiC) as a marker to detect circulating tumor cells (CTCs) that are shed from tumors during oncogenesis. Most detection methods used in liquid biopsy approaches for enumeration of CTCs from blood, employ epithelial markers like cytokeratin (CK). However, such markers provide little information on the potential of these shed tumor cells, which are normally short-lived, to seed metastatic sites. To identify a marker that could go beyond enumeration and pr...



Vitrification-induced activation of lysosomal cathepsin B perturbs spi... Molecular Human Reproduction, 2020

Abstract As the age of child-bearing increases and correlates with infertility, cryopreservation of female gametes is becoming common-place in ART. However, the developmental competence of vitrified oocytes has remained low. The underlying mechanisms responsible for reduced oocyte quality post-vitrification are largely unknown. Mouse cumulus–oocyte complexes were vitrified using a cryoloop technique and a mixture of dimethylsulphoxide, ethylene glycol and trehalose as cryoprotectants. Fresh and vitrified/thawed oocytes were compared fo...



Pharmacokinetics and biodistribution of extracellular vesicles adminis... Journal of Eytracellular Biology, 2022

Abstratct Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have potential in disease treatment since they can be loaded with therapeutic molecules and engineered for retention by specific tissues. However, questions remain on optimal dosing, administration and pharmacokinetics. Previous studies have addressed biodistribution and pharmacokinetics in rodents, but little evidence is available for larger animals. Here, we investigated the pharmacokinetics and biodistribution of Expi293F-derived EVs labelled with a highly sensitive nanoluciferase reporter (palmGRE...



Stem cell-derived porcine macrophages as a new platform for studying h... BMC Biology, 2022

Abstract Background Infectious diseases of farmed and wild animals pose a recurrent threat to food security and human health. The macrophage, a key component of the innate immune system, is the first line of defence against many infectious agents and plays a major role in shaping the adaptive immune response. However, this phagocyte is a target and host for many pathogens. Understanding the molecular basis of interactions between macrophages and pathogens is therefore crucial for the development of effective strategies to comba...



Serotonergic regulation of bipolar cell survival in the developing cer... Cell Reports, 2022

Abstract One key factor underlying the functional balance of cortical networks is the ratio of excitatory and inhibitory neurons. The mechanisms controlling the ultimate number of interneurons are beginning to be elucidated, but to what extent similar principles govern the survival of the large diversity of cortical inhibitory cells remains to be investigated. Here, we investigate the mechanisms regulating developmental cell death in neurogliaform cells, bipolar cells, and basket cells, the three main population...