Hypoxia-inducible factor 1α induces osteo/odontoblast differentiation... Scientific Reports, 2022

Abstract Accelerated dental pulp mineralization is a common complication in avulsed/luxated teeth, although the mechanisms underlying this remain unclear. We hypothesized that hypoxia due to vascular severance may induce osteo/odontoblast differentiation of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs). This study examined the role of B-cell CLL/lymphoma 9 (BCL9), which is downstream of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF1α) and a Wnt/β-catenin transcriptional cofactor, in the osteo/odontoblastic differentiation of human DPSCs (hDPSCs) unde...



Development of an animal component free production process for Sabin i... Vaccine X, 2022

Abstract Inactivated polio vaccine production using attenuated Sabin strains (sIPV) instead of wild type polio viruses (cIPV) is an initiative encouraged by the World Health Organization. This use of attenuated viruses is preferred as it reduces risks related to...



NOGOB receptor-mediated RAS signaling pathway is a target for suppress... JCI Insight, 2021

Abstract Infantile hemangioma is a vascular tumor characterized by the rapid growth of disorganized blood vessels followed by slow spontaneous involution. The underlying molecular mechanisms that regulate hemangioma proliferation and involution still are not well elucidated. Our previous studies reported that NOGOB receptor (NGBR), a transmembrane protein, is required for the translocation of prenylated RAS from the cytosol to the plasma membrane and promotes RAS activation. Here, we show that NGBR was highly expressed in the proliferating...



Proteogenomic characterization identifies clinically relevant subgroup... Cancer Cell, 2022

Abstract We performed proteogenomic characterization of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) using paired tumor and adjacent liver tissues from 262 patients. Integrated proteogenomic analyses prioritized genetic aberrations and revealed hallmarks of iCCA pathogenesis. Aflatoxin signature was associated with tumor initiation, proliferation, and immune suppression. Mutation-associated signaling profiles revealed that TP53 and KRAS co-mutations may contribute to iCCA metastasis via the integrin-FAK-SRC pathway. FGFR2 fusions activated the R...



Progranulin mediates immune evasion of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinom... Nature Communications, 2022

Abstract Immune evasion is indispensable for cancer initiation and progression, although its underlying mechanisms in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) are not fully known. Here, we characterize the function of tumor-derived PGRN in promoting immune evasion in primary PDAC. Tumor- but not macrophage-derived PGRN is associated with poor overall survival in PDAC. Multiplex immunohistochemistry shows low MHC class I (MHCI) expression and lack of CD8+ T cell infiltration in PGRN-high tumors. Inhibition of PGRN abrogates autophagy-depende...



The IL-8–Regulated Chemokine Receptor CXCR7 Stimulates EGFR Signaling... Cancer Research, 2011

Abstract The proinflammatory chemokine receptor CXCR7 that binds the ligands CXCL11 and CXCL12 (SDF-1a) is elevated in a variety of human cancers, but its functions are not understood as it does not elicit classical chemokine receptor signaling. Here we report that the procancerous cytokine IL-8 (interleukin-8) upregulates CXCR7 expression along with ligand-independent functions of CXCR7 that promote the growth and proliferation of human prostate cancer cells (CaP cells). In cell culture, ectopic expression or addition of IL-8 selectively...



A hybrid open-top light-sheet microscope for versatile multi-scale ima... Nature Methods, 2021

Abstract Light-sheet microscopy has emerged as the preferred means for high-throughput volumetric imaging of cleared tissues. However, there is a need for a flexible system that can address imaging applications with varied requirements in terms of resolution, sample size, tissue-clearing protocol, and transparent sample-holder material. Here, we present a ‘hybrid’ system that combines a unique non-orthogonal dual-objective and conventional (orthogonal) open-top light-sheet (OTLS) architecture for versatile multi-scale volumetri...



Z-form extracellular DNA is a structural component of the bacterial bi... Cell, 2021

Abstract Biofilms are community architectures adopted by bacteria inclusive of a self-formed extracellular matrix that protects resident bacteria from diverse environmental stresses and, in many species, incorporates extracellular DNA (eDNA) and DNABII proteins for structural integrity throughout biofilm development. Here, we present evidence that this eDNA-based architecture relies on the rare Z-form. Z-form DNA accumulates as biofilms mature and, through stabilization by the DNABII proteins, confers structural integrity to the biofilm ma...



Extracellular ATP is increased by release of ATP-loaded microparticles... Theranostics, 2022

Abstract Rationale: Caloric restriction improves the efficacy of anti-cancer therapy. This effect is largely dependent on the increase of the extracellular ATP concentration in the tumor microenvironment (TME). Pathways for ATP release triggered by nutrient deprivation are largely unknown. Methods: The extracellular ATP (eATP) concentration was in vivo measured in the tumor microenvironment of B16F10-inoculated C57Bl/6 mice with the pmeLuc probe. Alternatively, the pmeLuc-...



Use of Carbotrace 480 as a Probe for Cellulose and Hydrogel Formation... Gels, 2022

Abstract Carbotrace 480 is a commercially available fluorescent optotracer that specifically binds to cellulose’s glycosidic linkages. Herein, the use of Carbotrace 480 is reported as an analytical tool for linking cellulose content to hydrogel formation capability in defibrillated celluloses obtained from proprietary microalgae. Defibrillated celluloses obtained from acid-free hydrothermal microwave...