CRISPR loss of function screening to identify genes involved in human primordial germ cell-like cells development
Cold Spring Harbor Press, 2022
Despite our increasing knowledge of molecular mechanisms guiding various aspects of human reproduction, those underlying human primordial germ cell (PGC) development remain largely unknown. Here, we conducted custom CRISPR screening in an in vitro system of hPGC-like cells (hPGCLCs) to identify genes required for acquisition and maintenance of PGC fate in humans. Amongst our candidates, we identified TCL1A, an AKT coactivator. Functional assessment in our in vitro hPGCLCs system revealed that TCL1A played a critical role in later stages of hPGCLC development. Moreover, we found that TCL1A loss reduced AKT-mTOR signaling, downregulated expression of genes related to translational control, and subsequently led to a reduction in global protein synthesis and proliferation. Together, our study identifies novel regulators critical for hPGCLC development and demonstrates the importance of translational control in human reproduction.
VECTASHIELD® Antifade Mounting Medium VEC-H-1000 manufactured by our partner Vector Laboratories is featured in this study.
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